(Re)Organization of Human Societies from c. 600 B.C.E. to c. 600 C.E.: The Classical Era
Classical KC 1: The Development and Codification of Religious and Cultural Traditions. As states and empires increased in size and contacts between regions intensified, human communities transformed their religious and ideological beliefs and practices.
- Classical Asia:
- Classical India:
- Classical Greece & the Middle East, here as Persia:
- William McNeill: Greek and Indian Civilization
- Hellenistic empires, c. 275 BCE – Bentley pg. 244
- Greece, c. 800 – 350 BCE – Bentley pg. 234
- Greece & The Mediterranean Basin, c. 800 – 500 BCE – Bentley pg. 238
- Alexander’s empire, c. 323 BCE – Bentley pg. 242
- Classical Rome & the Middle East:
- The Twelve Tables of Early Roman Law c. 450 BCE
- Expansion of the Roman Republic to 146 BCE. Bentley pg. 263
- Selections on the Conditions of Women in Classical Civilizations: China, India, and Rome.
- DBQ: Traditional Gender Roles in East Asia.
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Classical KC 2: The Development of States and Empires. As the early states and empires grew in number, size, and population, they frequently competed for resources and came into conflict with one another.
- Early Persian Statehood: Sheda Vasseghi: Law & Order Under the Achaemenids and Ali Farazmand: Administrative Legacies of the Persian World-State Empire.
- Shifting geographic regions; maintaining chronological sequence:
- DBQ: Attitudes Toward Han and Roman Technology.
- THESIS WORK: “Qualifying an Argument”.
- DBQ: Factors of Successful Classical Era Rulers.
- DBQ: Slavery Supporting Political and Economic Systems.
- Yuan Haiwang: Qin and Han China.
- China after the Han Dynasty, c. 220 CE – Bentley pg. 303
- Germanic Invasions and the fall of the W. Roman empire, 450 – 476 CE – Bentley pg. 307
- Procopius: On the Plague of 542.
- The Byzantine Empire and its neighbors, 527 – 544 CE – Bentley pg. 319
- William Rosen: “Affairs of State – Marriage and Politics in Early Byzantium”
- Sources on the Internal and External Conflicts of the Early Byzantine Empire.
- Sverdrup et al.: “The World 5 model; Peak metals, minerals, energy, wealth, food and population” – Natural Resources Building and Ruining the Western Roman Empire.
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Classical KC 3: Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange. With the organization of large-scale empires, trans-regional trade intensified, leading to the creation of extensive networks of commercial and cultural exchange.
- Subhakanta Behera: India’s Encounter with the Silk Road
- The Silk Roads, c. 200 BCE – 300 CE – Bentley pg. 292
- The spread of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity, c. 200 BCE – 400 CE – Bentley pg. 297
- Hundreds of Roman Gold Coins Found in Theater Basement (2018)
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Crash Course World History II conceptualizes and problematizes the fall of civilizations through the natural resource of WATER in Mayan and Khmer societies in Central America and Southeast Asia, respectively:
While some Classical era civilizations seek to control limited amounts of water, some are masters of surrounding oceans. Similarly, water is yet another factor in the story of human ingenuity as a function of movement; some human migrations have origins from Paleolithic times, like the Bantu migrations out of the Great Rift Valley in east Africa. Others long lasting human migrations, like the Polynesian migrations, began later, but still happened over the course of multiple historical periods. Let’s inquire into the later of these two major migrations. Consider this map of Polynesia, as well as PNAS’ 2011 article by John Terrell titled “Recalibrating Polynesian Pre-history.” Consider too the possibility of South American interaction with the region of Polynesia, as suggested by the work of Thor Heyerdahl in Kon Tiki (1948). Finally, inquire into some of the most awesome maritime navigation ingenuity in human history:
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Freeman-pedia’s page on the Classical era is great for REVIEW!
…Bentley Textbook Chapter Outlines…
Just as we do with our unit-by-unit SECSE Maps (on the “Geography!” page of the website), it will be important that we annotate and color-code chapter notes.