Now that we’ve wrapped up our look at the causes and consequences of WWI, it’s time we began to think about the continuity of the historical narrative between WWI and WWII, a period known as the Age of Anxiety, and will prime us to answer our overarching essential question from the last two weeks:
CAN PEACE LEAD TO WAR?
Students will be introduced to a selection of 12 primary source documents in this Age of Anxiety DBQ. Our focus early in the week will be on understanding the question we’re being asked in the DBQ, and how we might go about categorizing the documents into categories designated by the prompt. Notice how we’re being asked to analyze the political, cultural, and economic conditions that culminated in the development of WWII. How might we understand each document into either of these three categories? Let’s spend some time working to categorize the documents using this handy DBQ graphic organizer that will help students craft a strong THESIS STATEMENT and appropriate TOPIC SENTENCES to control the ideas of each body paragraph. Let’s also consider appropriate use of documents with this here “Strengths and Weaknesses of DBQ Writing.”
One SECSE theme of the class not addressed in the 12 documents is how environmental factors could very well be contributing to this Age of Anxiety. Watch this Ted-Ed video on How Pandemics Spread, paying particular attention to the Great Influenza sweeping across the globe at the end of WWI. Talk about anxiety-provoking!
Ultimately, students will be turned onto the DBQ RUBRIC that will be used to score their essays. Students are allowed to work in partners for the Age of Anxiety DBQ, which is DUE in final draft form on Monday, June 10. Share your essays HERE.
Due at the end of class on Friday, May 31 (40 points total):
This week we’re spending some time with the ways in which people around the world reacted to the Treaty of Versailles and the possibility of joining U.S. President Woodrow Wilson’s proposed “League of Nations.” We know the U.S. chose to isolate themselves from the post-WWI conflict by NOT joining the League of Nations despite the fact that this supranational organization was conceived by the U.S. President. To help us unpack our overarching essential question, today we will focus on the two supporting questions of:
How did the world view the Treaty of Versailles?
To unpack this question that we began to focus on yesterday, students will take a look at these four political cartoons seen in this here International Reactions to the Treaty of Versailles. While the Treaty of Versailles established the conditions for post-WWI peace, further efforts to unify world powers into a League of Nations were met with a variety of opinions. This leads into our next supporting question of…
How did American’s view their involvement with the League of Nations?
As we move toward understanding the long-term effects of WWI, Mr. Cameron will lecture on some of the Outcomes of WWI and introduce the Treaty of Versailles. Recognizing the fragility of the world after WWI, our overarching essential question for this unit is:
CAN PEACE LEAD TO WAR?
We will then begin to dig into some primary sources related to the end of WWI. Today, we will focus on two supporting/sub-essential questions:
What did U.S. President Woodrow Wilson mean by ‘peace without victory’?
Students must consider what Wilson intended the Treaty of Versailles to accomplish. Students should think about the conditions Wilson established and his reasons for these specific guidelines. Primary source documents that will inform this supporting question include:
President Woodrow Wilson, speech to the United States Senate describing his approach to ending WWI, “Peace without Victory” (excerpted), Jan. 22, 1917.
President Woodrow Wilson, speech to the United States Congress outlining his goals for ending World War I, “The Fourteen Points,” 1918.
The next supporting question we will focus on is:
What did Germany lose by signing the Treaty of Versailles?
Primary and secondary source documents that will inform this supporting question include:
Continuing with our inquiry into WWI, let’s reinforce the idea of the importance of ALLIANCES as a key reason for the outbreak of WWI with this here Causes of World War I Simulation. To keep track of the burgeoning alliances…
It is critically important that students consider some of the contextual issues we’ve covered thus far in class that might influence which country allies with whom – consult your “Languages Fuel Nationalism” work, as well as the map of pre-WWI Europe!! Students will respond to the questions on the backside of the “Causes of WWI simulation sheet,” seen HERE.
Mr. Cameron will introduce the topic of ALLIANCES, and what will lead to the military alliances of WWI. Let’s consider this map of Europe in 1900 to inform how a variety of European states would ally themselves. Before the lecture, students will complete Languages Fuel Nationalism.
Now that these alliances are entrenched, and each country is ready to back up his ally with industrial military might. What might be the SPARK to ignite this powder keg? Let’s check out this perspective.
Watch the follow up Crash Course videos on WWI! Let’s focus on the months of June and July of 1914. Broadly, let’s focus on the some causes leading to the SPARK of WWI.
We’ve seen imperialism through the eyes of the Boxers in China in 1900/01 and the competing interests of the U.S. government, but we haven’t yet much about how imperialism was justified by the conquering countries.
Essential Question: Recognizing the variety of motives for imperialism, which motive most closely fits with the ideas offered in Rudyard’ Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden”? Explain Edward Morel’s response to Kipling.
We’re continuing our look at how political cartoons paint very different interpretations of American imperialism. How does each political cartoon, below, view American imperialism?
Now that we’ve laid the foundation for how western imperial powers imposed their will on non-industrialized countries (specifically, the U.S. and Great Britain in China), it’s time to think about some more specific questions related to our case study on the BOXER REBELLION. Aside from the secondary source chart, below, we have two primary source documents guiding our inquiry:
Students will use this here Boxer Rebellion sheet to organize their ideas regarding the readings and associated questions. On the backside of this worksheet, students will respond to the following question related to the political cartoon, above:
Identify the PERSPECTIVE of this political cartoon. Explain the artistic methods by which the cartoonist is able to convey their perspective. Consider whether this cartoon shares the perspective of Jung Lu or Katherine Lowry.
Considering the complex nature of this rebellion against foreign influence and the general oversimplification of the rebellion in the political cartoon, WHAT does this political cartoon NOT account for that was a likely cause of the Boxer Rebellion? WHY would the cartoonist leave this information out when creating this cartoon?
Now that we’ve wrapped up our unit on industrialization, it’s time we transition into a unit that is inexorably linked to industrialization – IMPERIALISM. As western countries are amassing greater militaries through industrial production and amassing greater wealth through the capitalist entrepreneurship, they will begin to exert their influences abroad. We will begin to take a look at how western nations (here, Great Britain and the U.S.) laid claims in China. We will begin with some secondary source questions (textbook pgs 370-375), and then analyze one political cartoon from the era:
Source: American political cartoonist William Allen Rogers: “The Boxers,” Harpers Weekly, June 9, 1900. The caption reads, “Uncle Sam (to the obstreperous Boxer), ‘I occasionally do a little boxing myself'”
Political Cartoon Questions:
WHAT does this political cartoon tell you about Western perceptions of the Chinese in 1900?
Broadly, WHO created this political cartoon, and WHY might this artist choose to depict the conflict between the United States and the Boxer Rebels in China in the fashion he did?