As we move toward understanding the long-term effects of WWI, Mr. Cameron will lecture on some of the Outcomes of WWI and introduce the Treaty of Versailles. Recognizing the fragility of the world after WWI, our overarching essential question for this unit is:
CAN PEACE LEAD TO WAR?
We will then begin to dig into some primary sources related to the end of WWI. Today, we will focus on two supporting/sub-essential questions:
What did U.S. President Woodrow Wilson mean by ‘peace without victory’?
Students must consider what Wilson intended the Treaty of Versailles to accomplish. Students should think about the conditions Wilson established and his reasons for these specific guidelines. Primary source documents that will inform this supporting question include:
- President Woodrow Wilson, speech to the United States Senate describing his approach to ending WWI, “Peace without Victory” (excerpted), Jan. 22, 1917.
- President Woodrow Wilson, speech to the United States Congress outlining his goals for ending World War I, “The Fourteen Points,” 1918.
The next supporting question we will focus on is:
What did Germany lose by signing the Treaty of Versailles?
Primary and secondary source documents that will inform this supporting question include:
- Allied and Central Powers, selected articles from the treaty ending World War I, Treaty of Versailles, June 28, 1919 (excerpted).
- United States Holocaust Museum, map of German losses as a result of World War I, “German Territorial Losses, Treaty of Versailles, 1919,”
Did the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 set the stage for World War II?
To inform this inquiry, we’re looking at two primary source documents from the period:
- The Treaty of Versailles (excerpted), June 28, 1919
- John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace (excerpted), 1919
Students will reflect on the content of our primary sources and today’s supporting question using An Inquiry Into the Outcomes of WWI.