Welcome back! Let’s continue our work with our focus of study: imperial powers exerting their influence during the Age of Anxiety.

Imperial powers are extending into new territories – this is not just a phenomena of European nations, so too are imperial nations in Asia responsible for the same sort of aggressive territorial expansion. Today, we will examine the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, China.  We will organize our work using this graphic organizer: Imperialism in Asia during the Age of Anxiety.


  1. Context: What prior international treaty set limitations on imperial powers?  See: the Nine Powers Treaty of 1922 & the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928
  2. “The Spark:”What caused Japan to invade China? See the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928.
  3. Justification: How did Japan justify its invasion of China?  See: A Japanese Ambassador on the “Far East Situation”
  4. Concrete Details: Quantify the human loss of the invasion using the chart.

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  • Concrete Details: Examine the role of Unit 731.  Summarize the work of this unit.  What purpose did this unit serve in actualizing the goals of the Japanese military? Warning: it’s graphic.  Yikes.
  • Concrete Detail: Read “Report #5” from this New York Times article from December, 1937.  Consult a map of China to see the extent and scope of the Japanese invasion that spanned from Manchuria to Nanjing.  Describe the nature of the Japanese invasion of Nanjing.
  • Outcomes: How did the international community respond to Japan’s invasion of China?  Read an excerpt from a news article highlighting some of the most pressing diplomatic developments.
  • Synthesis:watch the video below.  Describe any changes or continuities between the periods of imperial Japan and the contemporary rise of Japanese nationalism.

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